Extra Credit 2 — Chun Wun Chan


In module 12, we learned from John Scalzi about the topic of white male “privilege.” In his reading, he uses metaphor to describe white male “privilege” in the role playing game aka “The Real World.”  In “The Real World,” white males is the lowest level of difficulty and “automatically gain entry to some parts of the map that others have to work for.” In this picture, we can see the default setting of this player is one of five stars meaning that he gets the lowest level of difficulty. The reason why He gets such low difficulty is because he is a white person which is shown on the back of his t-shirt. Most important, this player is a male which we can see on the screen. By drawing this picture, I just want to use another method to show the a representation of our real world in today’s society that how privileged the white males are other than John’s metaphor in his article.


Extra Credit. Melissa Chapman. Visual Artwork.

The painting with the three faces for me represents the different faces we show the world. The darker one, our deep rooted self, the white our spiritual body, and the third our face to the world. The piece evolved as I worked on it late into the night but this idea of representation and authenticity was an ever-present motif in the strokes. I find this relates to our class because being a about Performance in Television and social media we are constantly playing with these three faces, selfs, identities (and many more I think) in Social media and Television. They mesh into one another and take turns performing in our daily lives, on screens, on social media. The purple one with the faces is more about boiling down to the fact that we are all humans part of the same human race and this reality transcends the superficial inter racial prejudices we see happening today, we share that “human” commonality. We see, we cry, we love, we kiss, we speak and sing and talk. This actions, gifts are also symbolic of the connection to our bodies, to the present and to each other and I pray we don’t loose that as we continue in this cyber, trans media age. Everything in moderation. I think Television and social media can do as much good as it can do harm, which direction it goes is up to us.

Extra Credit — Chun Wun Chan


In module 6, we understand the term “model minority” is harmful to Asian Americans because Asian American actors and actresses are limited to portraying a certain type of characters because of people’s ideologies of fixed stereotypes of Asian American. For example, parent has a high expectation on their children and wants them to do well at school or Asian American children are often nerdy. I want to break these stereotypes by drawing this artwork. In this artwork, he is an attendant called MC Jin from from a variety TV show. In this show, MC Jin attended a competition called 13th Rapper of America. He is wearing hip-hop style clothing and gold cross necklace unlike some Asian Americans who don’t have fashion scents. Unlike other typical Asian Americans who are dreamed of going to a top university, MC Jin decided to be a well-known Asian American rapper. In the picture, we can see that he raps “Yo Yo Yo Yo, I’m not a nerdy Asian. Stanford won’t be my destination.” In this lyrics, he tries to show people he has different interests that his dream is not to go to a university. Instead, going to this competition shows MC Jin’s passion that he wants to be a successful rapper in the future. In this rapper battle, MC Jin breaks the typical stereotypes associated with Asian Americans. He wants to also let people understand that Asian American actor should not be limited to certain types of characters and being rapper is not only a dream for black people but also any other race including Asian American, Latina, and Hispanic.

BLOG POST (MODULE 12): Ahyoung Lee, Gender on Social Media

Source: BLOG POST (MODULE 12): Ahyoung Lee, Gender on Social Media

1. Honestly, do you have any experiences that you have considered the works of female theorists as less reliable and valid than that of males? If you have any, please share your experience.

While I do not have extensive expertise on comparing different theorists, It I unfortunately tend to assume that the article or book I am reading is written by a male firsthand. It is only through doing extra textual analysis that I am proven wrong. While I am not proud of this, there has never been an instance where I assumed a theory was less credible simply for the fact that it was written by a woman.

2. Do you think that hatred behaviors toward female writers online are related to social influences/factors?

I think maltreatment of female writers comes from historical oppression of women. Writing especially has a background of being male dominated, and I think if a woman ever has the opportunity to succeed in a male dominated field, she is often met with bigotry.

3. Is there any practical resolution ideas for the discriminative tendency toward female writers on social media?

I think the only way for things to change for female writers on social media is to just keep writing. That is, to continue to contribute to the content on the internet.

Extra Credit – Chun Hei Chau

The commodification of media.


I think this visual artwork portrays the overview of this course. It depicts the commodification of social media and television. In television, commodification includes the use of ethnicity, LGBTQ, woman, etc. The directors of television shows commodify these minority groups to perpetuate the stereotype and earn money for the upper class. In social media, commodification includes the use of Facebook, Instagram, Twitter, etc. Users of social media are manipulated by capitalism on social media because social media platforms earn money mainly by popularizing their platforms and invoking provocative discussions to catch more users. The last thing I want to remind the viewer of is that these commodifications are manipulated by the upper-class capitalists, and no one can stop their manipulation, especially involving money, unless the idea of revolution appears in the ideologies of mainstream society.

BLOG POST(Module 11): MINJI LEE, Depiction of Native American in Social Media

Thank you for your post, Minji Lee! Here are my answers regarding your questions:

Do you think that redskin is an offensive word?

I believe it is not for me to decide if the word is offensive. Some people may have personally liberated the negative connotations of the word and embraced it as a representation of their characters, while others may find it a form of oppression. Because I am not a Native American and have no experiences as one, I feel it is not for me to decide if it is offensive or not. I do however find it highly degrading for sports companies to use the term as a commodified slogan to represent something that has nothing to do with any of the Native cultures.

What do you think about the name of a team “Blacks”?

I feel the same stance on this as I do Redskins and would feel the same about the term “yellows” or any other name used to describe a culture based on their skin tone.

What image of Native Americans creates media: positive or negative?

I am not sure I understand this question, but I believe that overall the image of Native Americans is very negative.



Source: BLOG POST(Module 11): MINJI LEE, Depiction of Native American in Social Media

BLOG POST (MODULE 12): AHYOUNG LEE, Gender on Social Media

TRIGGER WARNING: Violent language


Do you think discrimination and unfairness only happen in real life? They happen online as well. According to the purpose of the chapter entitled, “Gender and Sexuality on Social Media,” we need to examine how women have been maligned, threatened, or harassed in online spaces. As a person who uses social media just for fun or connects with friends and families, I’ve had no idea about discriminative attitudes toward particular people on social media, which is only regarded as an active method to be connected with the world. Specifically, women who are treated as second-class citizens and minors of the society, have often been targeted.


The author, and also the blogger named Kathy Sierra shared her story through her article titled, “Trouble at the Koolaid Point.” Here is her story. There was one angry guy, who really hated her work. He expressed his opinion aggressively, and she admitted they might have different valuing points and that’s why he hated her work. She describes, “Later I learned that the first threat had nothing to do with what I actually made or said in my books, blog posts, articles, and conference presentations. The real problem — as my first harasser described — was that others were beginning to pay attention to me. He wrote as if mere exposure to my work was harming his world” (Sierra). In other words, he didn’t criticize her works, but her. In the hater’s perspective, her work didn’t deserve the attention from others. She can’t be the great author or blogger because she is a woman. Women can’t be, or shouldn’t be great writers. He can’t bear that.


Screen Shot 2017-07-25 at 7.57.30 PM.png

Screenshots of some of the harassments


What drives this troll culture? And what happens next to all writers? In the cases similar to Sierra’s one, the objective of trolls is simple: Drag out woman’s works on online places. If they can’t stop works of writers, they at least ruin the quality of authors’ lives by harassing their mental health. I carefully assume that overall social under-representations of women take part as the fundamental background of this evil tendency. To avoid this unnecessary harms in one’s heart, Sierra emphasized intentional practices and efforts of female writers to ignore those haters’ unreasonable comments, which are not helpful for improving their works at all.


To have the adequate resolution for this problem, members of the society have to put efforts together. Educating the right, balanced, and fair cognition toward different genders is the most necessary one. Moreover, reducing tendencies of the media, which represents women as people who can’t get high-education enough to write great articles and as less important, valuable figures than men would be the great starting point.



* Discussion Questions:

1. Honestly, do you have any experiences that you have considered the works of female theorists as less reliable and valid than that of males? If you have any, please share your experience.

2. Do you think that hatred behaviors toward female writers online are related to social influences/factors?

3. Is there any practical resolution ideas for the discriminative tendency toward female writers on social media?

Thoughts and comments welcome below!



Relevant Reading: Sierra, Kathy. “Trouble at the Koolaid Point.”

BLOG POST(Module 11): MINJI LEE, Depiction of Native American in Social Media

In the 21st century, social media have become an important part of a daily routine. People use social networks not only to communicate but also to express their feelings and even life position. At the same time, some people use social media to hurt feelings of others. In this case, social media play a role of a mediator between a particular ethnic group and the society, as a whole. In particular, I am talking about Native Americans and the discrimination they are dealing with on a daily basis.

For instance, the team Washington Redskins is blamed on social media for using a racist name and Native American as their mascot. Even though this issue is widely discussed in different social media, the evidence presented in a video is rather controversial. It presents two polls with disputable results of two polls on the attitude towards discrimination of Native Americans and using mascots. The video proves that the issue is significant for the American society as more and more people show their opinions on towards it on social media. The biggest advantage of using social media, in this case, is a chance to gather people all over the country and raise the awareness about ethnic discrimination. So what is the real situation and who is guilty of it? Probably, the attitude towards this issue varies greatly depending on a person and a number of other factors, such as religion, political views, nationality, and other.

Reference works:

Feel free to express your thoughts and comments on the following questions:

Do you think that redskin is an offensive word?
What do you think about the name of a team “Blacks”?

What image of Native Americans creates media: positive or negative?


BLOG POST (Module 11): Afshar Hassani, Diversity in Black Twitter

As a person who never created a Twitter account, I had no idea of the amount of influence a 140 character post (“Tweet”) could make. With hashtags followed by certain trending topics such as #BLM or #Ferguson, millions of people can influence and raise awareness simultaneously, for better or worse, on trending topics. “According to a 2010 Edison Research and Arbitron study, although Black Americans make up only 12 to 13 percent of the U.S. population, they comprised 24 percent of the seventeen million Twitter users in the United States (Saint 2010)” (Florini). Even though the discussion is on “Black Twitter”, Florini also goes on to mention that “I should be clear that Black Twitter does not exist in any unified or monolithic sense. Just as there is no ‘Black America’ or single ‘Black culture,’ there is no ‘Black Twitter’.” An example of the #BLM movement is represented below in a post by a user named “Black & Proud” who shared a post about Sandra Bland, a Black woman who was hanged in her jail cell 3 days after being arrested at a traffic stop in 2015. Some Black Twitter users would not want us to forget the injustices that are happening today.

Black Twitter 1

A post shared below is that by a user Tonio Kareem on his take on Colin Kaerpernic’s comparison between slave patrol and today’s policeman. This video can be attributed to Florini’s remark on “signifyin'” which she describes as ” Signifyin’ serves as an interactional framework that allows Black Twitter users to align themselves with Black oral traditions, to index Black cultural practices, to enact Black subjectivities, and to communicate shared knowledge and experiences” (Florini). She then goes on to add that “[g]enerations of Black Americans have used signifyin’ as a space for the expression of Black cultural knowledge, as a vehicle for social critique, and as a means of creating group solidarity” (Florini). At the end of Kareem’s video is a very powerful image of the comparison between the resemblance of “Overseer” and “Officer.”

While Black Twitter can be used to bring about awareness, it can also be used for comedy through performances of stereotyping. As mentioned earlier, given I don’t have a Twitter to follow, across all other major social media websites, mostly Instagram and Facebook, Black comedy has become a sensational hit with their stereotyping comedic videos. This context of signifyin’ can be classified under the “dis” category which Florini describes as ” dissing prioritizes verbal dexterity, wit, and wordplay. While participation and interaction are important to all forms of signfyin’, dissing emphasizes verbal performance as a mode of competition” (Florini). One thing to further add is that, comedic stereotypes are not just used by Black users but across all other racial groups such as Asians, Latino/as, Middle-Easterners, etc.  

WARNING: Profanity.

FACTS 😂😂 @funnyblack.s ➡️ TAG 5 FRIENDS ➡️ @supremedreams_1 (Credit) ➡️ TURN ON POST NOTIFICATIONS

A post shared by FOLLOW US🔥 (@funnyblacks) on

Classic 😂😂 👉🏽(@dormtainment)

A post shared by Daquan Gesese (@daquan) on

Signifyin’ as a dis can be seen in the first video with the guy dissing his friend at every turn followed by admiration–even though he is being dissed, they are still friends. In the second video, they do the traditional “white vs. black” reactions to certain situations–which in this case it is about “laughter.” White vs. Black Twitter has a lot of memes which I will share the link here.

Warning: Profanity.


In summary, Florini states in the beginning of her paper, “Black Twitter” isn’t just one category of content, rather it is a variety that ranges from trending controversial topics of today to stereotyping used for comedy. Furthermore, “hashtags” have also been used to create movements such as “#BlackLivesMatter” or “#OsscarsSoWhite.”

Relevant Readings:

Sarah Florini, “Tweets, Tweeps, and Signifyin’: Communication and Cultural Performance on ‘Black Twitter’

Discussion Questions:

  1. Do comedic stereotypes of Blacks, Asians, Latino/as, etc. hurt/discredit certain racial groups or are they simply made for laughter?
  2. Would trendy topics be as powerful as they are today by Black users if Twitter was not around? In other words, how much influence can Twitter have on people vs. other social media websites?
  3. What are some other forms of diversity in Black Twitter posts that you can think of?


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